:: by Wojciech A. Trybulec

::

:: Received August 10, 1990

:: Copyright (c) 1990-2017 Association of Mizar Users

definition

let D be non empty set ;

let F be FinSequence of D;

let g be BinOp of D;

assume A1: ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) ;

( ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 implies ex b_{1} being Element of D st b_{1} = the_unity_wrt g ) & ( ( not g is having_a_unity or not len F = 0 ) implies ex b_{1} being Element of D ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b_{1} = f . (len F) ) ) )

for b_{1}, b_{2} being Element of D holds

( ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 & b_{1} = the_unity_wrt g & b_{2} = the_unity_wrt g implies b_{1} = b_{2} ) & ( ( not g is having_a_unity or not len F = 0 ) & ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b_{1} = f . (len F) ) & ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b_{2} = f . (len F) ) implies b_{1} = b_{2} ) )

for b_{1} being Element of D holds verum
;

end;
let F be FinSequence of D;

let g be BinOp of D;

assume A1: ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) ;

func g "**" F -> Element of D means :Def1: :: FINSOP_1:def 1

it = the_unity_wrt g if ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 )

otherwise ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & it = f . (len F) );

existence it = the_unity_wrt g if ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 )

otherwise ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & it = f . (len F) );

( ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 implies ex b

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b

proof end;

uniqueness for b

( ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 & b

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b

proof end;

consistency for b

:: deftheorem Def1 defines "**" FINSOP_1:def 1 :

for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) holds

for b_{4} being Element of D holds

( ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 implies ( b_{4} = g "**" F iff b_{4} = the_unity_wrt g ) ) & ( ( not g is having_a_unity or not len F = 0 ) implies ( b_{4} = g "**" F iff ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b_{4} = f . (len F) ) ) ) );

for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) holds

for b

( ( g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 implies ( b

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & b

theorem :: FINSOP_1:1

theorem :: FINSOP_1:2

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F >= 1 & ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & d = f . (len F) ) holds

d = g "**" F by Def1;

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F >= 1 & ex f being sequence of D st

( f . 1 = F . 1 & ( for n being Nat st 0 <> n & n < len F holds

f . (n + 1) = g . ((f . n),(F . (n + 1))) ) & d = f . (len F) ) holds

d = g "**" F by Def1;

definition

let A be non empty set ;

let F be sequence of A;

let p be FinSequence of A;

:: original: +*

redefine func F +* p -> sequence of A;

coherence

F +* p is sequence of A

end;
let F be sequence of A;

let p be FinSequence of A;

:: original: +*

redefine func F +* p -> sequence of A;

coherence

F +* p is sequence of A

proof end;

definition

let f be FinSequence;

:: original: findom

redefine func findom f -> Element of Fin NAT;

coherence

findom f is Element of Fin NAT

end;
:: original: findom

redefine func findom f -> Element of Fin NAT;

coherence

findom f is Element of Fin NAT

proof end;

Lm1: for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F >= 1 & g is associative & g is commutative holds

g "**" F = g $$ ((findom F),((NAT --> (the_unity_wrt g)) +* F))

proof end;

Lm2: for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F = 0 & g is having_a_unity & g is associative & g is commutative holds

g "**" F = g $$ ((findom F),((NAT --> (the_unity_wrt g)) +* F))

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:3

for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & g is associative & g is commutative holds

g "**" F = g $$ ((findom F),((NAT --> (the_unity_wrt g)) +* F))

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & g is associative & g is commutative holds

g "**" F = g $$ ((findom F),((NAT --> (the_unity_wrt g)) +* F))

proof end;

Lm3: for D being non empty set

for g being BinOp of D st g is having_a_unity holds

g "**" (<*> D) = the_unity_wrt g

proof end;

Lm4: for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" <*d*> = d

proof end;

Lm5: for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F >= 1 holds

g "**" (F ^ <*d*>) = g . ((g "**" F),d)

proof end;

Lm6: for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 holds

g "**" (F ^ <*d*>) = g . ((g "**" F),d)

proof end;

theorem Th4: :: FINSOP_1:4

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) holds

g "**" (F ^ <*d*>) = g . ((g "**" F),d)

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) holds

g "**" (F ^ <*d*>) = g . ((g "**" F),d)

proof end;

theorem Th5: :: FINSOP_1:5

for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or ( len F >= 1 & len G >= 1 ) ) holds

g "**" (F ^ G) = g . ((g "**" F),(g "**" G))

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or ( len F >= 1 & len G >= 1 ) ) holds

g "**" (F ^ G) = g . ((g "**" F),(g "**" G))

proof end;

theorem Th6: :: FINSOP_1:6

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) holds

g "**" (<*d*> ^ F) = g . (d,(g "**" F))

for d being Element of D

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) holds

g "**" (<*d*> ^ F) = g . (d,(g "**" F))

proof end;

Lm7: for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & g is commutative holds

for f being Permutation of (dom F) st len F >= 1 & len F = len G & ( for i being Nat st i in dom G holds

G . i = F . (f . i) ) holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

proof end;

Lm8: for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D

for P being Permutation of (dom F) st g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 & G = F * P holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

proof end;

theorem Th7: :: FINSOP_1:7

for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D

for P being Permutation of (dom F) st g is commutative & g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & G = F * P holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D

for P being Permutation of (dom F) st g is commutative & g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & G = F * P holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

proof end;

Lm9: for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & g is commutative & F is one-to-one & G is one-to-one & rng F = rng G & len F >= 1 holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

proof end;

Lm10: for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F = 0 & g is having_a_unity & F is one-to-one & G is one-to-one & rng F = rng G holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:8

for D being non empty set

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & g is associative & g is commutative & F is one-to-one & G is one-to-one & rng F = rng G holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

for F, G being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & g is associative & g is commutative & F is one-to-one & G is one-to-one & rng F = rng G holds

g "**" F = g "**" G

proof end;

Lm11: for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F = 1 holds

g "**" F = F . 1

proof end;

Lm12: for D being non empty set

for F, G, H being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & g is commutative & len F >= 1 & len F = len G & len F = len H & ( for k being Nat st k in dom F holds

H . k = g . ((F . k),(G . k)) ) holds

g "**" H = g . ((g "**" F),(g "**" G))

proof end;

Lm13: for D being non empty set

for F, G, H being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is having_a_unity & len F = 0 & len F = len G & len F = len H holds

g "**" F = g . ((g "**" G),(g "**" H))

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:9

for D being non empty set

for F, G, H being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & g is commutative & ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & len F = len G & len F = len H & ( for k being Nat st k in dom F holds

F . k = g . ((G . k),(H . k)) ) holds

g "**" F = g . ((g "**" G),(g "**" H))

for F, G, H being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is associative & g is commutative & ( g is having_a_unity or len F >= 1 ) & len F = len G & len F = len H & ( for k being Nat st k in dom F holds

F . k = g . ((G . k),(H . k)) ) holds

g "**" F = g . ((g "**" G),(g "**" H))

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:10

for D being non empty set

for g being BinOp of D st g is having_a_unity holds

g "**" (<*> D) = the_unity_wrt g by Lm3;

for g being BinOp of D st g is having_a_unity holds

g "**" (<*> D) = the_unity_wrt g by Lm3;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:11

theorem Th12: :: FINSOP_1:12

for D being non empty set

for d1, d2 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" <*d1,d2*> = g . (d1,d2)

for d1, d2 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" <*d1,d2*> = g . (d1,d2)

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:13

for D being non empty set

for d1, d2 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is commutative holds

g "**" <*d1,d2*> = g "**" <*d2,d1*>

for d1, d2 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is commutative holds

g "**" <*d1,d2*> = g "**" <*d2,d1*>

proof end;

theorem Th14: :: FINSOP_1:14

for D being non empty set

for d1, d2, d3 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" <*d1,d2,d3*> = g . ((g . (d1,d2)),d3)

for d1, d2, d3 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" <*d1,d2,d3*> = g . ((g . (d1,d2)),d3)

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:15

for D being non empty set

for d1, d2, d3 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is commutative holds

g "**" <*d1,d2,d3*> = g "**" <*d2,d1,d3*>

for d1, d2, d3 being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D st g is commutative holds

g "**" <*d1,d2,d3*> = g "**" <*d2,d1,d3*>

proof end;

theorem Th16: :: FINSOP_1:16

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" (1 |-> d) = d

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" (1 |-> d) = d

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:17

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" (2 |-> d) = g . (d,d)

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D holds g "**" (2 |-> d) = g . (d,d)

proof end;

theorem Th18: :: FINSOP_1:18

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D

for k, l being Nat st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or ( k <> 0 & l <> 0 ) ) holds

g "**" ((k + l) |-> d) = g . ((g "**" (k |-> d)),(g "**" (l |-> d)))

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D

for k, l being Nat st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or ( k <> 0 & l <> 0 ) ) holds

g "**" ((k + l) |-> d) = g . ((g "**" (k |-> d)),(g "**" (l |-> d)))

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:19

for D being non empty set

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D

for k, l being Nat st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or ( k <> 0 & l <> 0 ) ) holds

g "**" ((k * l) |-> d) = g "**" (l |-> (g "**" (k |-> d)))

for d being Element of D

for g being BinOp of D

for k, l being Nat st g is associative & ( g is having_a_unity or ( k <> 0 & l <> 0 ) ) holds

g "**" ((k * l) |-> d) = g "**" (l |-> (g "**" (k |-> d)))

proof end;

theorem :: FINSOP_1:20

theorem :: FINSOP_1:21

for D being non empty set

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F = 2 holds

g "**" F = g . ((F . 1),(F . 2))

for F being FinSequence of D

for g being BinOp of D st len F = 2 holds

g "**" F = g . ((F . 1),(F . 2))

proof end;